Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Page: 53-56
Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive Composition of Xylopia parviflora Seed Obtained from Pati Shabakolo in Lavun Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria
Elijah Yanda Shaba, Department of Chemistry Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Tsado John Mathew, Department of Chemistry Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Amos Ndarubu Tsado, Department of Basic and Applied Sciences, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru, Nigeria
Abdulfatai Aiyede Otori, Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Bida Niger State, Nigeria
Emaka Ogbonna, Department of Chemistry Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 26, 2016;       Accepted: Sep. 6, 2016;       Published: Aug. 30, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.cb.20170505.12      View  1889      Downloads  106
Abstract
Determination of nutritive value of Xylopiaparviflora seed was carried out using standard analytical methods. The proximate parameters determined were moisture content (8.95 ± 1.93)%, ash content (6.25 ± 0.35)%, crude fibre (8.25 ± 0.57)%, crude protein (8.28 ± 0.19) %, fat (6.08 ± 0.46) % and carbohydrate (62.45 ± 0.76) % as well as calorific value (337.60 ± 0.32KJ/100g) respectively. The result of this sample revealed that the seed of Xylopiaparviflora contains reasonable amount of mineral contents needed in diet with potassium concentration of (53.21±0.31 mg/100g), phosphorus (50.22±0.43 mg/100g), sodium (49.50±0.42 mg/100g), magnesium (22.58±0.62 mg/100g) and iron content (26.41±0.28 mg/100g) as well as copper concentration 12.42±0.14 mg/100g. The highest and lowest essential and non-essential amino acid composition of this seed were glutamic acid (13.18 g/100g) and tryptophan (0.65 g/100g) and leucine (5.79 g/100g) and cystine (0.66g/100g) respectively. The anti-nutritional factors were also determined which revealed that the result were all below toxic level and therefore may not cause any effect on man and his animal when taken.
Keywords
Xylopiaparviflora Seed, Nutritive, Mineral, Anti-nutritional and Amino Acid
To cite this article
Elijah Yanda Shaba, Tsado John Mathew, Amos Ndarubu Tsado, Abdulfatai Aiyede Otori, Emaka Ogbonna, Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive Composition of Xylopia parviflora Seed Obtained from Pati Shabakolo in Lavun Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria, Cell Biology. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 53-56. doi: 10.11648/j.cb.20170505.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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