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Research Article |

Growth and Yield Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to Varieties in Buno Bedele and Ilubabor Zone, Southwestern, Ethiopia

Low productivity of Hot pepper in Ethiopia was associated with different factors among which lack of well adapted varieties are most important ones in the area. Thus, adaptation trial of hot pepper varieties were conducted in Buno Bedele and Ilubabor zone with the objective of evaluating the performance and adaptability of introduced and improved varieties in different Hot pepper varieties. Four hot pepper varieties including local check were studied for their vegetative growth performance and pod yield under rain fed conditions in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Data on different important characters were collected and analyzed using SAS Software of 9.4 version. Thus, combined analysis of data revealed that, varieties showed highly significant at (P <0.01) for all collected parameters. The longest days to maturity (126.67 days) was recorded from Oda haro while the shortest days to maturity (117.67 days) was recorded from Local variety. Beside, the highest Pod number per plant (71.38) was recorded by Melka shote variety and the lowest Pod number per plant (39.87) was recorded from Oda haro. The longest (10.60) and the shortest (8.14) Pod length was recorded from Oda haro and Melka awaze varieties respectively. More wider (1.25cm) and more narrower (0.80cm) Pod diameter were recorded from Oda haro and Melka shote varieties respectively. More over the highest (3.80 t ha-1) and the lowest (2.32 t ha-1) Pod yield was recorded from Melka shote and Local varieties, respectively. Melka shote and Melka awaze varieties were resistant to disease (5r) than other varieties. However Oda haro and Local varieties were moderately susceptible (40ms) and moderately resistant (30mr) respectively. The result of the correlation analysis also revealed that Pod number and Branch number were significantly and positively correlated with Marketable and Total pod yield. Likewise Marketable pod yield was also significantly and positively correlated with Total pod yield. Thus, Melka shote and Melka awaze were varieties showed better performance with their mean yield and yield component. Therefore, these two varieties are recommended to be demonstrated on farmer’s field for further scaling up.

Disease Incidence, Hot Pepper, Marketable Pod Yield, Melka Shote Variety

APA Style

Abdeta, A., Chala, G., Tamiru, T. (2024). Growth and Yield Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to Varieties in Buno Bedele and Ilubabor Zone, Southwestern, Ethiopia. Cell Biology, 12(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.11648/cb.20241201.11

ACS Style

Abdeta, A.; Chala, G.; Tamiru, T. Growth and Yield Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to Varieties in Buno Bedele and Ilubabor Zone, Southwestern, Ethiopia. Cell Biol. 2024, 12(1), 1-7. doi: 10.11648/cb.20241201.11

AMA Style

Abdeta A, Chala G, Tamiru T. Growth and Yield Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to Varieties in Buno Bedele and Ilubabor Zone, Southwestern, Ethiopia. Cell Biol. 2024;12(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/cb.20241201.11

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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