Cell Biology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Genetic Variation of Recombinant Inbred Lines Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) from USA at Jimma, Ethiopia

In this study the genetic variability of soybean lines generated from segregating populations introduced from USA was evaluated. A total of 97 soybean genotypes that were introduced from USA along with three checks were grown in 10×10 simple lattice design with two replications at Jimma, Ethiopia. The ANOVA results showed significant (p≤0.05) variations in days to flowering, days to maturity, plant height, number of branches per plant, number of pods per plant, pod length, number of seeds per pod, number of seeds per plant, 100 seed weight, above ground biomass, harvest index, and grain yield indicating a considerable variability among the tested genotypes for the characters. Characters viz., plant height, number of branches per plant, above ground biomass and grain yield had high heritability and high genetic advance. Grain yield had positive and high significant (p≤0.01) genotypic correlations with harvest index (0.746) and 100 seed weight (0.267). Similarly, grain yield showed positive and significant (p≤0.05) genotypic associations with number of seeds per plant (0.225) and above ground biomass (0.205). This implies that higher mean values for these traits tend to improve grain yield in soybean. Cluster analysis grouped the genotypes into three clusters with the maximum squared distance found between cluster II and III. The principal component analysis revealed that the first four principal components (PCs) accounted for more than 71.25% of the total variation. The variability amongst the tested genotypes, heritability and genetic advance, as well as the associations in the tested traits provide information for an increased soybean productivity using this lines.

Genetic Advance, Variability, Principal Components, RIL, Soybean

APA Style

Gudina, G., Tesfaye, A., Nebiyu, A., Bekele, G. (2023). Genetic Variation of Recombinant Inbred Lines Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) from USA at Jimma, Ethiopia. Cell Biology, 11(2), 20-29. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cb.20231102.12

ACS Style

Gudina, G.; Tesfaye, A.; Nebiyu, A.; Bekele, G. Genetic Variation of Recombinant Inbred Lines Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) from USA at Jimma, Ethiopia. Cell Biol. 2023, 11(2), 20-29. doi: 10.11648/j.cb.20231102.12

AMA Style

Gudina G, Tesfaye A, Nebiyu A, Bekele G. Genetic Variation of Recombinant Inbred Lines Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) from USA at Jimma, Ethiopia. Cell Biol. 2023;11(2):20-29. doi: 10.11648/j.cb.20231102.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Agdew, B. and Getnet, A., 2006. Desirable Traits Influencing Grain Yield in Soybean. Innovative Systems Design and Engineering. (www.iiste.org). Accessed on February 10, 2013.
2. Agrawal, A. P., Patil, S. A. and Math, P. M. S., 2001. Variability, heritability and genetic advance of some quantitative characters over the seasons in soybean. Madras Agricultural Journal, 88 (1/3): 36-39.
3. Allard, R. W., 1960. Principles of Plant Breeding. John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York. Genetic Variability. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/). Accessed on November 13, 2011.
4. Amarnath, K. C. N., Viswanatha, S. R. and Shivashankar, G., 1991. Genotypic and phenotypic variability and heritability of some quantitative characters in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merill). Mysore J. Agric. Sci, 25: 26-31.
5. Arshad, M., Ali, N. and Ghafoor, A., 2006. Character correlation and path coefficient in soybean Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38 (1): 121.
6. Asfaw, A., A. Tesfaye, S. Alamrie and M. Atnaf., 2006. Food and Forage Legumes of Ethiopia: progress and prospects. Proceedings of the workshop on food and forage legume. Soybean genetic improvement in Ethiopia, pp. 22-26.
7. Bhatt, G. M., 1973. Comparison of various methods of selecting parents for hybridization in common bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 24 (4): 457-464.
8. Burton, G. W. and Devane, E. H., 1953. Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) from replicated clonal material 1. Agronomy Journal, 45 (10): 478-481.
9. Cooper, M. C. and Milligan, G. W., 1988. The effect of measurement error on determining the number of clusters in cluster analysis. In Data, expert knowledge and decisions (pp. 319-328). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
10. Crossa, J., 1995. The use of multivariate methods in developing a core collection. Core collections of plant genetic resources Pp. 77-92.
11. CSA (Central Statistical Authority). 2017. Agricultural sample survey statistical volume 1. Bulletin no 586. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. P 14.
12. Falconer, D. S. and Mackay, T. F. C., 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman. Essex, England.
13. FAOSTAT (Statistical database of the food and agriculture of the united nations) 2016. Statistics Division online database. www.fao.org/faostat (Assessed on May 2017).
14. Gebremedhin, B. and Hoekstra, D., 2008. Cereal marketing and household market participation in Ethiopia: the case of teff, Wheat and rice (No. 307-2016-4963, p. 5).
15. Gopalan, C., Ramashastry, B. V. and Balasubramanian, S. C., 1994. Nutritive Value of Indian Foods, Indian Council of Medical Research, pp. 24-26.
16. Harer, P. N. and Deshmukh, R. B. 1992. Genetic variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Journal of Oilseed Research 9 (1): 65-71.
17. Harland, S. C., 1939. The genetics of cotton jonathan cape, London. HAYMAN, BD and MATHER 1955. The description of genetic interaction in continuous variation. Biometrics, 11: 68-82.
18. Hina Kausar, 2006. Genetic investigations in segregating populations of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19 (1): 200.
19. JARC (Jimma Agricultural Research Center). 2014. Ethiopian Agricultural research, institute Jimma agricultural center profile report pp 5-7.
20. Johnson, H. W., Robinson, H. F. and Comstock, R. E., 1955. Genotypic and phenotypic correlations in soybeans and their implications in selection 1. Agronomy journal, 47 (10): 477-483.
21. Kumar. M., Karnwal, M. k. and Kamendra S., 2009. Studies on genetic variability, character association and path coefficient for seed yield and its contributing traits in soybean [Glycine max (l.) Merrill]. Legume Research 32 (1): 70-73.
22. Mahalanobis, P. C., 1936. On the generalized distance in statistics. National Institute of Science of India 2: 49-55.
23. Mehetre, S. S., Mahajan, C. R., Desai, N. S. and Shinde, R. B., 1995. Variability, heritability and character association in M3 families of gamma irradiated soybean. Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 22: 126-131.
24. MoFA and CSIR., 2005. Soybean Production Guide. Food crops development project. Ghana’s Ministry of Food and Agriculture. 38pp.
25. Mohana Rao, K. V., 1999. Genetic divergence in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). M. Sc. (Ag) Thesis, ANGRU Agricultural University, Hyderabad.
26. Mpepereki, S., Javaheri, F., Davis, P. and Giller, K. E., 2000. Soybeans and sustainable agriculture: promiscuous soybeans in southern Africa. Field crops research, 65 (2-3): 137-149.
27. Ramana, M. V., 2003. Genetic Studies On Soybean (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill) In Non-Traditional Areas and Seasons (Doctoral dissertation, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University; Hyderabad).
28. Ramana, M. V., Rani, B. P. and Satyanarayana, A., 2000. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in soybean. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 17 (1): 32-35.
29. Ramteke, R., Vineet, K., Pooja, M. and Agarwal, D. K., 2010. Study on genetic variability and traits interrelationship among released soybean varieties of India [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1 (6): 1483-1487.
30. SAS, S., 2012. STAT 9.3 User’s guide. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
31. Shurtleff, W. and Aoyagi, A., 2007. The soybean plant: Botany, nomenclature, taxonomy, domestication and dissemination. Soy Info Center.
32. Siczek A. and Lipiec J. 2009. Soybean nodulation and symbiotic nitrogen fixation in response to soil compaction and mulching. EGU General Assembly 11 (1): 7520.
33. Singh, R. K., 1985. Biometrical methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Pub. Ludhiana. New Delhi, Revised Ed., 318.
34. Tesfaye, A., Githiri, M., Derera, J. and Debele, T., 2017. Genetic variability in soybean (Glycine max L.) for low soil phosphorus tolerance. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 27 (2): 1-15.
35. Wijnands J. H. M., Gurmesa N. D., Lute J. C. M. & Van Loo E. N. 2011. Ethiopian soybean and sunflower value chains: Opportunities and challenge. 2011-016.